Ecology of post-mining landscapes

Drastic types of ecosystem disturbances include open-cast mining activities that occur worldwide and induce perturbation of large areas across landscapes. Such harsh human impacts create the need for remediation and restoration measures for mining regions. Reclaimed post-mining sites undergo long time periods of succession. These initial soils, consisting of excavated and dumped material, are characterized by a high vulnerability to erosion, low water holding capacity, lack of nutrients, low pH or sparse vegetation. 

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